A PROPOS DE LA COTE D'IVOIRE
La Côte d’Ivoire ou Côte d’Ivoire, officiellement la République de Côte d’Ivoire, est un pays situé en Afrique de l’Ouest.
La capitale politique de la Côte d’Ivoire est Yamoussoukro, et sa capitale économique et sa plus grande ville est la ville portuaire d’Abidjan. Ses pays limitrophes sont la Guinée et le Libéria à l’ouest, le Burkina Faso et le Mali au nord et le Ghana à l’est. Le golfe de Guinée (océan Atlantique) est situé au sud de la Côte d’Ivoire.
Before colonization by Europeans, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire and Baoulé. The two kingdoms Anyi, Indénié and Sanwi, managed to retain their respective identities in the French colonial period and after independence. Côte d’Ivoire became a protectorate of France in 1843-1844 and was later transformed into a French colony in 1893 amid the European rush for Africa. Ivory Coast gained its independence in 1960, under the leadership of Felix Houphouet-Boigny, who ruled the country until 1993. The country has maintained a close political and economic association with its Western countries. African neighbors while maintaining close ties with the West, especially with France.Since 2000, Ivory Coast experienced a sudden in 1999 and two civil wars based on religion. The first took place between 2002 and 2007 and the second during 2010-2011. In 2000, the country adopted a new constitution.
Ivory Coast is a republic with a powerful executive power invested in its president. Through coffee and cocoa production, the country was an economic engine in West Africa during the 1960s and the 1970s. Côte d’Ivoire went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, contributing to a period of social unrest. The adoption of the Ivorian economy in the 21st century is strongly linked to the market and is still strongly based on agriculture, with the production of cash crops by small farmers being dominant.
The official language is French. Local indigenous languages are also widely used, including Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin and Cebaara Senufo. In total, about 78 languages are spoken in Côte d’Ivoire. Popular religions include Christianity (mainly Roman Catholicism), Islam and various indigenous peoples religions.
Ivory Coast is a country in sub-Saharan West Africa. It is bordered on the west by Liberia and Guinea, Mali and Burkina Faso on the north, Ghana on the east and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) on the south. The rest of the country has 4 ° and 11 ° N and longitudes 2 ° and 9 ° W. About 64.8% of the territory is agricultural land, arable land occupying 9.1%, permanent pastures with 41.5% and permanent crops occupying 14.2%. Water pollution is one of the country’s major problems facing.
Économie et infrastructure
Côte d’Ivoire has a relatively high per capita income for the region (US $ 1014.4 in 2013) and plays a key role in the transit trade of neighboring landlocked countries. The country is the largest economy of the West African Economic and Monetary Union, accounting for 40% of the total GDP of the monetary union. The country is the world’s largest exporter of cocoa beans and the fourth largest exporter of goods in sub-Saharan Africa (after South Africa, Nigeria and Angola). In 2009, cocoa bean producers earned $ 2.53 billion for cocoa exports and are expected to produce 630,000 metric tons in 2013. According to Hershey, the price of cocoa beans is expected to increase significantly over the next few years. years. The Côte d ‘
export, and the encouragement of foreign investment have been factors in the economic growth of the Ivory Coast Company. In recent years, Côte d’Ivoire has been subject to increased competition and falling prices in the domestic market.
world market for its main agricultural crops: coffee and cocoa. That, compounded with internal corruption, makes life difficult for the producer, those who export to foreign markets, and the workforce, to the extent that cases of forced labor have been reported in the industry. cocoa and coffee. production in each edition of the list of goods produced by child labor or forced labor since 2009.
South Africa and North Africa aside, most African economies have not grown faster since independence. One of the possible reasons could be the taxation of agricultural exports. Ivory Coast, Nigeria and Kenya exceptions as their rulers were themselves major producers of cash crops and the newly independent countries renounced the imposition of criminal taxes on export agriculture, which allowed their economies to do well.
La population du pays s’élevait à 15 366 672 en 1998 et était estimée à 20 617 068 en 2009, et 23 919 000 en juillet 2014. Le premier recensement national de la Côte d’Ivoire, en 1975, comptait 6,7 millions d’habitants.
Selon une enquête gouvernementale de 2012, le taux de fécondité était de 5,0 enfants nés par femme, avec 3,7 en zones urbaines et 6,3 dans les zones rurales.
Le français, langue officielle, est enseigné dans les écoles et fait office de lingua franca dans le pays. Un On estime que 65 langues sont parlées en Côte d’Ivoire. L’un des plus courants est le langage Dyula, qui agit à la fois comme langue de commerce et comme langue parlée couramment par la population musulmane.
The diversity of the culture of Côte d’Ivoire, coastal country of West Africa bordered by Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Burkina Faso and Guinea are illustrated by a multitude of ethnic groups, events, festivals, music and art.
More than sixty indigenous ethnic groups are often mentioned, although this number can be reduced to seven ethnic groups, by classifying small units together on the basis of their culture and historical characteristics, which differ somewhat from one to another. other. These can be further reduced to four main cultural regions – the East Atlantic (mainly Akan), the West Atlantic (mainly Kru), the Voltaic and Mandé differentiated in terms of environment, economic activity, language and of culture in general the characteristics. In the southern half of the country, the East-Atlantic and West-Atlantic cultures, separated by the Bandama River, each represent nearly one-third of the indigenous population. Roughly a third of the indigenous population lives in the north,